Installment #2 – Marriage contract between Michel Robineau dit Desmoulins and Louise Baron – February 1710

This is the next installment in the Robineau/Baron marriage contract transcription. The extracts from the contract are shown in (Bold, Italics). Since the marriage contract is long, i plan to post the results in a series of Blog posts.

I have made editorial comments and these are shown after the contract entries and point to areas for further research.

In front of the “royal” notary Marien Tailhandier of Montreal, living in Boucherville are present Michel Robineau and Louise Baron. They both have consent from their parents and friends. Michel Robineau is accompanied by by his friend Pierre Roy. He also has consent of his friend Louis Herard de Beaujeu, lieutenent and second in command to the Major of the detachment of the Compagnie de la Marine and Ferriere sargeant of the troops.
Louise Baron was accompanied by her tutors Denis Veronnaux and Joseph Huet as well as her brother Denis Baron. All assembled are giving consent to the marriage of Michel and Louise which will take place as soon as possible in a Roman Catholic church.

Editorial Comments:Here is a bit more on the notary:
TAILHANDIER, dit La Beaume, MARIEN (Taillandier, dit La Baume, or Maxime de La Baume), surgeon, seigneurial then royal notary, clerk of court and judge in the seigneurial court of Boucherville, son of Antoine Tailhandier, attorney of the judicial district of Masaye in Auvergne; b. 1665 at Clermont; d. 1738 or 1739 at Boucherville.

He landed in Canada about 1685, no doubt as a soldier, for when on 8 Jan. 1688, at Boucherville, he married Madeleine Baudry, aged 27, widow of one Puybarau, the marriage contract declared him to be a soldier-surgeon in M. Daneau de Muy’s company. Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography:

Some preliminary research on Michel Robineau’s friends.
Pierre Roy is a relatively common name, so he may be harder to trace. He was in the same military outfit as Michel.

One of the more frustrating aspects of genealogy and looking at old handwritten documents is that names get mangled. The marriage contract refers to Michel Robineau and Michel Robineaux. It also refers to Louise Baron’s brother as Michel Baront.
One such situation is the name of Michel’s commander in the army. I suspect that the real name of Michel’s commander was Louis Lienard de Beaujeu and not Michel Herard de Beaujeu. Louis Lienard de Beaujeu’s biography fits with the dates quite well, although it is not yet proven. So, assuming that Louis Lienard was his commander check out the Dictionary of Canadian Biography:

We have now completed the first page of the contract only 3 and 1/2 more pages. 🙂

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Mariage contract of Michel Robineau dit Desmoulins and Louise Baron – February 1710

Most of you are aware that i received a copy of the 1710 marriage contract between Michel Robineau dit Desmoulins and Louise Baron. The original copy is very difficult to read as it is hand-written by a lawyer in 1710. There are people known as paleographers who can look at this old handwriting and decipher the words. I would like to say i just got the results from the paleographer last week and here are the results. However, i have had the interpretation of this contract for a few months and have just not had the time to post it. The result is a transcription which is about six pages long. The transcription is in French, however, i will post it in English. Here are the highlights of the contract – The extracts are shown in Bold, Italics). Since this could be a long post, i will break it up into several posts.

I have made editorial comments and these are shown after the entries from the contract. These editorial comments point to areas for further research:

February 25, 1710 Lawyer: Mr. Tailhandier dit LaBeaune, Montreal

Marriage contract between Michel Robineau Dit Desmoulins of Paris, St. Roch parish, St. Honore Street, son of Simon Robineau and Anne Larcher and Louise Baron – 22 years old, from the parish of La Sainte Famile – Boucherville, daughter of Leger Baron – deceased and Marie-Anne Baudon.

Editorial Comments:
This seems to confirm Michel’s parents as Simon and Anne Larcher. Louise Baron was from Nouvelle France. Although two of the “Filles du Roy” were named Barbe Baron -arrived in Nouvelle France in 1667 and Etiennette Baudon – arrived in Nouvelle France in 1671 they do not appear to be related to Louise Baron. So, no “Fille du Roy” up that part of the tree.

The filles du roi is a term used to refer to the approximately 800 young French women who immigrated to Nouvelle France between 1663 and 1673 as part of a program sponsored by Louis XIV. The program was designed to boost Nouvelle France’s population both by encouraging male immigrants to settle there, and by promoting marriage, family formation and the birth of children. While women and girls certainly emigrated to New France both before and after this time period, they were not considered to be filles du roi, as the term refers to women and girls who were actively recruited by the government and whose travel to the colony was paid for by the king. The title “Fille du Roy” was meant to imply state patronage, not royal or even noble parentage. Most of these women were commoners of humble birth. (Source: Wikipedia)

And yes, there were two Filles du Roy’s who were Robineau’s: Marie and Marguerite. They arrived in 1668.

If you want to learn more about the Filles du Roy, just google the term or go to the following website (in French):

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Ancestry – DNA

I did the Ancestry DNA test and got the results back  within three or four months.  According to the test results i am 66% British Isles, 24 % Southern Europe, 6% Eastern Europe and 4% Uncertain (must be the alien genes).

This is an interesting result since i am 100% French, both sides of my family flow through Ontario and Quebec to France. So, my whole tree going back over 300 years is in Quebec or France. Why no mention of France?

One reason could be that my genes are recent arrivals in France.  This DNA test is supposed to look at your genetic ancestry which is longer than 300 years.  Therefore, i have made up my story and that is the one i will stick with until proven otherwise.

My 24% Southern Europe genetic make-up may very well be Italy.  My genes could very well have been part of the Roman invasion of Britain 2,000 years ago (around AD 43).  By the 5th and 6th century AD the Roman occupation is in decline.  However, my Southern European genes probably stayed for a while, thus making them 66% British.  I can only assume that at some point my genes, or whoever was carrying them, decided that the food and wine was better in France and they moved there.


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