Mariage contract of Michel Robineau dit Desmoulins and Louise Baron – February 1710

Most of you are aware that i received a copy of the 1710 marriage contract between Michel Robineau dit Desmoulins and Louise Baron. The original copy is very difficult to read as it is hand-written by a lawyer in 1710. There are people known as paleographers who can look at this old handwriting and decipher the words. I would like to say i just got the results from the paleographer last week and here are the results. However, i have had the interpretation of this contract for a few months and have just not had the time to post it. The result is a transcription which is about six pages long. The transcription is in French, however, i will post it in English. Here are the highlights of the contract – The extracts are shown in Bold, Italics). Since this could be a long post, i will break it up into several posts.

I have made editorial comments and these are shown after the entries from the contract. These editorial comments point to areas for further research:

February 25, 1710 Lawyer: Mr. Tailhandier dit LaBeaune, Montreal

Marriage contract between Michel Robineau Dit Desmoulins of Paris, St. Roch parish, St. Honore Street, son of Simon Robineau and Anne Larcher and Louise Baron – 22 years old, from the parish of La Sainte Famile – Boucherville, daughter of Leger Baron – deceased and Marie-Anne Baudon.

Editorial Comments:
This seems to confirm Michel’s parents as Simon and Anne Larcher. Louise Baron was from Nouvelle France. Although two of the “Filles du Roy” were named Barbe Baron -arrived in Nouvelle France in 1667 and Etiennette Baudon – arrived in Nouvelle France in 1671 they do not appear to be related to Louise Baron. So, no “Fille du Roy” up that part of the tree.

The filles du roi is a term used to refer to the approximately 800 young French women who immigrated to Nouvelle France between 1663 and 1673 as part of a program sponsored by Louis XIV. The program was designed to boost Nouvelle France’s population both by encouraging male immigrants to settle there, and by promoting marriage, family formation and the birth of children. While women and girls certainly emigrated to New France both before and after this time period, they were not considered to be filles du roi, as the term refers to women and girls who were actively recruited by the government and whose travel to the colony was paid for by the king. The title “Fille du Roy” was meant to imply state patronage, not royal or even noble parentage. Most of these women were commoners of humble birth. (Source: Wikipedia)

And yes, there were two Filles du Roy’s who were Robineau’s: Marie and Marguerite. They arrived in 1668.

If you want to learn more about the Filles du Roy, just google the term or go to the following website (in French):
http://lesfillesduroy-quebec.org/

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